2DB post APA 250 words each due by 10/31/21 must include references *****DB1 Crisis intervention in the difference in counseling/psychotherapy is a more short-term counseling to resolve imminent crisis. An example of counseling/psychotherapy would be an individual who is receiving counseling services that does not present a threat to their life. This counseling sessions have short- medium- and long-term goals associated with it. In a crisis intervention session the goals are more short-term in nature to eliminate the crisis. After crisis intervention counseling has been conducted a client may then begin to engage in counseling/psychotherapy to work through other issues that may be present. The ACA Code of ethics (2014) defines counselors confidentiality as counselors protect the confidential information of prospective at current clients. council disclosed information only when appropriate consent or with sound legal ethical justification (ACA Code of Ethics 2014). A counselor is obligated to break confidentiality under certain circumstances. These circumstances include the client is threatening to take their own life a child or disable person is being abused the client gives permission for the counselor to disclose the information and if the counselor is legally subpoenaed by the court. It is only during these circumstances that a counselor can break confidentiality. If a counselor does break confidentiality without consent they could lose their license. Having good attending skills are imperative in the counseling profession. Good attending skills consist of maintain good eye contact with the client verbally following during the session minimal encouragers and an interested posture. According to Kanel (2018) these attending behaviors demonstrate to the client that you are with him or her and indeed are listening (Kanel 2018). From a Christian perspective operating from a ministry of presence demonstrates the love we have for one another as Christians. Being there for someone even if their believes are different from mine. Helping one another work through thoughts of anxiety depression and other emotional states. Operating from a ministry of presence and being a Christian counselor share the same vision. As a Christian counselor this view will be easily demonstrated in the counseling sessions with have with clients. A key issue when working with someone of a different culture in counseling is understanding and respecting the differences. As counselors we are required to be aware of our bias and prevent displaying them in counseling sessions. In order to provide competent counseling services to their client a counselor must be familiar with this culture. For instance in some cultures the family structure has a high impact on their everyday life. If one family member is unable to meet their role members in the household behaviors may begin to change. A counselor must be willing to continue their education to understand different cultures religions and sexual orientations. A counselor is required to do no harm to their client and a lack of understanding of culture could do just that. American Counseling Association. (2014). ACA code of ethics. https://www.counseling.org/resources/aca-code-of-ethics.pdf ******DB2 There are two main differences between crisis intervention and counseling/psychotherapy. Psychotherapy and counseling tend to focus on helping the client with mood and personality disorders or building self-confidence (Kanel 2018 p. 2). This form of counseling can also be long-term. In contrast crisis intervention focuses on clients who are unable to cope in a healthy way due to a stressor or traumatic event. The goal of crisis intervention is to help the client regain their ability to function by addressing their perception of the event assisting them in processing their distress and providing coping strategies (Kaplan 2018 pp. 2-3). Confidentiality refers to the duty of the counselor to avoid disclosing the clients personal information. Essentially whatever is discussed within a session remains between the counselor and the client unless the client signs a waiver permitting the sessions content to be disclosed (Kaplan 2018 p. 29). However there are other some exceptions. When a client shows signs of harming themself or others the counselor is obligated to report to the authorities and any party that may be involved. Counselors must also report if they detect child abuse elder abuse or disabled abuse due to the individuals inability to report for themselves. Attending skills refers to the manner in which a counselor connects with their client. During a session a counselor must employ certain behaviors to create a safe environment for the client. Body language is an essential attending behavior. When a counselor speaks in a soothing tone sits facing the client and maintains an appropriate amount eye contact during the session they indicate their investment in the clients concerns (Kaplan 2018 p. 40). Along with body language empathy is a necessary component to any human services profession. By using empathy a counselor can put aside their own opinions to better understand the clients feelings and perceptions. From a Christian perspective an individual can minister to someone simply by sitting with them and listening while they work through their struggles. As Romans 12:15 states Rejoice with those who rejoice weep with those who weep (English Standard Version Bible 1). When working with clients it is likely we will encounter individuals from backgrounds cultures and ethnicities far different than our own. Each culture has their own characteristics and struggles that may affect their perception of a crisis and the intervention. For instance Latin Americans may be more expressive with their emotions whereas Asian Americans may be more reserved and avoid eye contact during sessions (Kaplan 2018 pp. 41 105 & 108). In this sense the attending behaviors we use for one cultural group may prove detrimental if applied to a client from another cultural group. Since each case and client is unique it is vital that we as human service professionals show sensitivity and be willing to work with differing cultural influences (Martin 2018 p.52). References English Standard Version Bible. (1). BibleGateway.com. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9 2021 from https://www.biblegateway.com/. Kanel K. (2018). A guide to crisis intervention (6th ed.). Cengage. Martin M.E. (2018). Introduction to human services :Through the eyes of practice settings (4th ed.). Pearson.
250 words each two post with references APA must write db 1 or 2 so I know which post is for whom. ******** DB1 Reflection counseling requires a counselor to have some special qualities. Good listening skills conflict resolution skills self-awareness and good relationship with God. Some of these skills come naturally and others are developed over time and experience. Less start off examining what good listening skills look like. The four keys to good listening are Be present focus on compassion talk less listen more respond quickly. (Holdsworth Center) Being present can be a challenge even in the right environment. Do away with anything that can be a distraction phone TV radio anything that can break the line of communication. Make sure you can have compassion for your clients issues. This next one can be hard to do. Listen more talk less. Dont get caught up in assuming that you know what your client is trying to say let him or her complete their thought before you respond. Finally respond quickly after your client finishes their statement so that you can stay on topic. All counselors have to have some conflict resolution skills as well. Identify the problem listen to possible solutions select a options execute a plan. (Hicks 2021) Sometimes it will be easy to help the client select the best answer to their problems because you have gone through the same thing. This is where your self-awareness comes into play. You have to know yourself before you can help anyone else. If your tolerance for anything remotely similar to what your client is struggling with than you could have a problem. You have to ask yourself can you put aside your beliefs in order to help the person sitting in front of you? The most important element to this equation as a Christian counselor is having a strong relationship with God. The Bible says If you a disciple of Christ you will know the truth. (NIV John 8:31-32 2021) You have to rely more on God than anything youve learned through lifes experiences. The truth is that you are human and prom to biases but the Holy Spirit will guide you through every situation. It will help you tune into your client and build your faith in the gifts God has given you. Good Listening Skills “ Become a Better Listener AdÂ·https://www.holdsworthcenter.org/ New International Version (NIV) “ Version Information “ Bible ¦ https://www.biblegateway.com º versions º New-Intern¦ Seven Steps for Effective Problem Solving in the Workplace https://www.mediate.com º articles º thick *****DB2 When using reflection as a counselor I think it is essential by listening for and responding to how the client feels. Being able to understand the client is essential and another way that I will apply this into my counseling sessions. You will have to analyze yourself and your actions. As a reflective counselor I will identify where changes can or cant be made. Listening to what a client has to say and repeating back to a client a version of what they just told you will help them feel understood. A therapist or practitioner implements their practice tools and takes time to reflect and analyze their actions and awareness of themselves by using these insights to improve their teaching while modeling a reflective practice for their clients (Taylor 2020). I found it very difficult to differentiate between Counselors who are Christian and Christian Counselors. Before reading this article I wasnt aware that this was a thing and after reading the article it helped me differ on the two. Counselors who are Christian were viewed as not necessarily being the same as Christian counselors as participants described that counselors who are Christian do not necessarily integrate Christianity into counseling while a Christian counselor would and is trained to do so (Evans Brown Davis 2021). Getting better understanding on the difference on the two helped me reflect on being a Christian counselor and how I will use this in my sessions. I will use my ethical judgement as a counselor to do what is best for my client and for myself. As a counselor who is trained with a Christian background you would not want to throw this onto your client but only ask if they wish to do so. If a client brings up the perspective of faith then the faith talk becomes appropriate because it is what the client wants (Yen 2018). Being able to self-assess is an important part of our faith on being able to grow and mature spiritually. Doing this will help us identify on our weaknesses Lamentations 3:40- Let us examine our ways and test them and let us return to the Lord. References Evans C. Brown D. & Davis J. (2021). Professional counseling from a Christian worldview. Journal of