20 points: Setting: What are the particular challenges exposures demographics associated with the impacts of climate change where the adaptation plan has been developed? 10 points: What is included in the plan and what are the plans objectives? Include sectors approaches strategies 10 points: Who are the stakeholders? Who are the most vulnerable? Has there been an effort to raise awareness of impacts and engage those who would be affected by the plan implementation? 10 points: How much information is there about the stage of planning and adaptation? What are the local challenges to adaptation? Has there been any assessment of the plan? What has changed in the adaptation plan if newer revised plans have been developed? 10 points: Who is impacted by the plan and is everyone impacted in the same way? Does it address vulnerability of people environmental equity and distributive and procedural justice? 20 points: CONCLUSIONS: What are the important things we should know about this effort? Do you think the adaptation plan will have good results why or why not? What might you recommend including in the plan that is left out? 10 points: Additional Considerations: Efforts to include multiple sources of information about adaptation governance (corruption) conflicts barriers to adaptation 10 points: Formatted citation of sources in report and matching references Must format references: Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue):pages online link (date accessed). Author(s). Date. Title of Book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher pages and links (date accessed) Please refer to this online resource: https://www.scientificstyleandformat.org/Tools/SSF-Citation-Quick-Guide.html(Links to an external site.) Write in your OWN WORDS and cite where the information came from such as these examples: According to a Kenward et al. (2016) the number of wildland fires has increased due to climate change. The number of fires have increased with climate change (Kenward et al. 2016). Total Report Length: 2500-5000 words
1) What months and/or seasons do we typically experience the effects of El Nino and La Nina? (0.75 pt) 2) What are the predicted chances (according to scientists) that we will experience the effects of El Nino and/or La Nina from this point forward and for the next several months? Have we experienced El Nino and/or La Nina effects in the recent past (within one year)? (0.75 pt) 3) Describe and contrast the basic conditions of the Pacific Ocean and what basically causes these conditions that lead to El Nino and La Nina events. (2 pts) 4) What are the basic weather/climatic effects both El Nino and La Nina may cause across the United States? Address each basic region of the U.S. (the NW SW MW NE and SE). (2 pts) 5) List at least two sources of information/references you used to research your answers. Be sure to properly cite the references as per MLA or APA guidelines for purposes of clarity. (0.5 pts)
1) What do we mean by interdependency (1)? What does interdependence mean for who is impacted by environmental issues (1)? 2) What were the main drivers of the modern environmental movement in the United States “ provide examples (1). Since what have been the dominant modes of protection (1)? 3) Describe four key geographic concepts and provide an example for each (2). 4) Why are we abandoning the term ˜natural disaster (2)? 5) (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to short term temperature and precipitation while (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to decades long temperature and precipitation (2) 6) Describe the relationship between Earths Energy Budget and greenhouse gases in terms of climate change (2). 7) Describe the concepts of mitigation and adaptation- how do they differ (2)? 8) What is sustainability? Describe the three pillars and provide a critique of this traditional definition (2). 9) What is meant by the famous EW Zimmerman quote “ ˜Resources are not they become¦ (1993) (2)? 10) What are the two principle components of climate (1)? Describe the four main drivers of these components (1). 11) Compare and contrast two main approaches to understanding the relationship between population and the environment (1). How have each of these either supported or negated the popular ˜Tragedy of the Commons Theory (1)? 12) (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to single path while (FILL IN THE BLANK) have multiple paths and futures (2) 13) Why is the relationship between city planning and climate change a spatial problem (2)? 14) Describe how we define vulnerability (1). How does vulnerability relate to the idea of ˜double exposure (1)? 15) Describe the differences between organic and fair trade food systems (1)? What could an alternative to the alternatives be (1)? For part two of the midterm you will write a maximum 2 page response to the following question: How does a complex approach help ensure a more equitable just and hopeful global environmental transformation? Provide specific socio-economic and biophysical examples (10)
1) Explain what the overall premise of the film is what is the problem the community faced how did they solve it? 2) After watching the film explain in broad terms what regenerative agriculture and permaculture is. How does the system mirror an ecological system? 3) Look for a definition of Regenerative Agriculture and put that here. Please give a citation as well. 4) How do the concepts of permaculture take on a social dimension and interact with the community? 5) Those who follow the approaches for food production discussed in the film may not support GMOs. How does the books author think about the debate around GMOs? This is linked to question 6 so you might want to read that one too before answering. 6) How do these permaculture concepts contrast with a more conventional agriculture approach? Following discussions in the text book how does this fit in with resource efficiency in agriculture production? Be sure to include some of the discussion points from chapter 8. 7) Do you think there is a possibility of this approach or elements of this approach contributing legitimately to the food needs of the globe? How about here in California? 8) Give your final conclusions and additional questions you still have regarding the film and the discussion in chapter 8.
¢ Find and report on an article that provides evidence in support of climate change. This evidence can be related to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations ecosystems spatial distribution of organisms changes in weather patterns or sea-level rise. ¢ Discuss the phenomenon and how it is supporting evidence for climate change. ¢ Include your opinion as to whether or not you agree with the evidence and how it proves or disproves climate change. Provide multiple pieces of supporting evidence in your claims using at least two (2) scholarly resources. Requirements: ¢ Include all references and citations formatted correctly in APA. ¢ Assignment should be one to three pages in length with additional Title and Reference pages. ¢ Use complete sentences and appropriate grammar and spelling.
A manufacturing facility that makes steel materials handling devices such as hand carts and an assortment of roller carts for moving heavy materials around in manufacturing facilities has decided to start making cantilever storage racking systems. This will require the purchase and installation of a 12-foot hydraulic press brake and a 12-foot shear in the fabrication department along with the necessary tools and dies to bend and punch holes in the rack components that will largely be manufactured from formed sheet metal. Employees have experience working smaller versions of this type of equipment but room will need to be made and larger pieces of sheet metal will need to be cut and handled. The department will also need to continue to produce existing orders while the new equipment is installed. How can a management of change program be used to reduce risks in such a scenario? (75 words) Your organization a company that manufactures fitness equipment such as treadmills and elliptical machines is about to introduce lean concepts into its operations in order to be more competitive with foreign manufacturers. The foreman from the assembly department however does not think that his employees have the time to be involved with the lean initiative. Provide a convincing argument about why it is important for the assembly line workers to play a part. (75 words) Your purchasing department does not want to buy adjustable hydraulic pallet stands for the filter assembly line at a company that makes oil filters for cars and trucks. They state that the current process works just fine and that expensive adjustable stands are not required in the Occupational Health and Safety Administration standards. The production employees in the facility are largely female and many have worked at the facility for decades. The current process for accessing filter parts entails having assemblers bend over to pick up arm loads of the various filter components from a pallet or bin and placing them on a table beside their respective workstations. The parts are assembled and pressed into place and the completed product placed in a separate bin. Please provide a risk-based argument as to why the adjustable pallet stands would be the better choice. (200 words)
Cindy is the plant manager from Gemstone and she has asked you to perform a sound level survey and noise dosimetry in the fabrication shop which can get pretty noisy when all three mechanical power presses and the 12-foot shear are running at the same time for several hours a day. She also asked that you identify noise level exposures in the adjacent welding department. Your results indicate that the noise levels in the area are just above the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) permissible exposure level for an average day in the fabrication department. The welding department is adjacent to the fabrication department and there is no separating wall. The welding operations are not quite as noisy although the crackle of a well-adjusted MIG welder can be rather loud when welding mild steel. Noise monitoring and dosimetry of the welders indicated an exposure of just over OSHA’s Action Level of 85 Dba. In addition you remember taking the survey readings and watching the noise level jump in the welding shop every time the power presses or shear cycled in the fabrication area. After consulting with fellow industrial hygienists it was determined that setting up a 12² X 30² noise barrier wall between the fabrication area and the welding area and adding noise absorption panels to both sides of the barrier wall and to the white-painted concrete walls in the fabrication department would decrease the sound levels in the welding area to several decibels below OSHA’s Action Level. Of course these engineering controls will cost $33 000 dollars. This is compared to a continuing hearing conservation program to include annual audiograms or hearing tests annual training and providing noise protection for the welding department which is estimated to cost $9 000 per year. This amount would be saved each year if the engineering controls are installed. If the company takes out a loan for $33 000 at 5% interest what will the payback period be for the loan? Please consult your unit lesson for the necessary formulas. What would be your recommendation to the employer with respect to the options available? Please show your work. Make sure you justify your reasoning and that you consider the hierarchy of controls in your discussion. Your response must be at least 200 words in length in addition to your financial analysis In the not-too-distant past it was common for Occupational Safety and Health professionals to consider the hierarchy of controls according to the following priority order: Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal Protective Equipment However eliminating the hazard and substitution have usurped engineering control’s position at the top of the hierarchy although they have always been obvious best options just not always included in discussions of the hierarchy of controls. Identify two examples where elimination of the hazard or substitution was or might be applied as a means of hazard control. Discuss some of the pros and cons of this option as compared to the other options in the hierarchy. You may also select examples from places you have worked or for which you have some familiarity. (200 words)